ANALISIS TERHADAP PERLUNYA PENYESUAIAN LAPORAN KEUANGAN HISTORIS (CONVENTIONAL ACCOUNTING) MENJADI BERDASARKAN TINGKAT HARGA UMUM (GENERAL PRICE LEVEL ACCOUNTING)

Author: Pwee Leng

Jurnal Akuntansi & Keuangan Vol. 4, No. 2, Nopember 2002: 141 – 155

ABSTRACT:

Generally, in conventional accounting, financial statements are based on the historical cost principle that assumes that prices (monetery unit) are stable. Conventional accounting recognizes neither changes in the general price level nor changes in the specific price level. Consequently, if there are any changes in purchasing power such as in inflation period, the historical financial statement are not economically relevant and also income is usually overstated, and the fixed assets are usually understated. Actually, there are several methods on accounting for the effect of changing prices, such as constant accounting, current value accounting, and general price level accounting. General price level accounting will do restatement the components of financial statement to be a rupiah on a similar level of purchasing power, but without changes in accounting principles which using on conventional accounting. In practice, the controversy concerning the relevance of general price level accounting has been continuing. Pros and cons general price level accounting will be presented on this paper. Also the result of two researches concerning the influence of applied general price level accounting on the financial statement will be compared as considerations whether the general price level adjustment is necessary needed.

Keywords: historical accounting, general price level accounting, purchasing power (inflation), financial statement, financial ratio.

Full Text: aku02040205

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