Adnan Enshassi (School of Civil Engineering, Islamic University of Gaza, P.O. Box 108, Gaza, Palestine); Sherif Mohamed (School of Engineering, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, QLD 4222, Australia); Ziad Abu Mustafa (School of Civil Engineering, Islamic University of Gaza, P.O. Box 108, Gaza, Palestine); Peter Eduard Mayer (Projektmanagement und Baurecht, Technische Universität München, Arcisstraße 21, D-80333 München, Germany)
Received 16 Jan 2007; accepted 06 June 2007
Productivity remains an intriguing subject and a dominant issue in the construction sector, promising cost savings and efficient usage of resources. Productivity is one of the most important issues in both developed and developing countries. The developed countries are aware of the importance of economic growth and social welfare. The developing countries which face unemployment problems, inflation and resource scarcity seek to utilise resources and in such a way to achieve economic growth and improve citizens’ lives. Productivity is an issue of particular importance to projects located within the Gaza Strip, as it is considered a newly-developed area, and a huge number of projects have been planned for the near future. The aim of this research is to identify factors affecting labour productivity within building projects, and to rank these factors according to their relative importance from a contractor’s viewpoint. The analysis of 45 factors considered in a survey indicates that the main factors negatively affecting labour productivity are: material shortage, lack of labour experience, lack of labour surveillance, misunderstandings between labour and superintendent, and drawings and specification alteration during execution.
Keywords: productivity, labour, building projects, improvement.
ISSN 1392–3730 print / ISSN 1822–3605 online
JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
2007, Vol XIII, No 4, 245–254
Full Text: FACTORS AFFECTING LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY